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2017造价工程师《工程计价》难点解析

来源:前沿网校 发布时间:2017-09-08 15:13:48 点击: 打印页面

2017年造价工程师考试就还有四十来天了,很多今年要参加考试的小伙伴已经在紧张的备考了,为了帮助大家复习,中建咨协整理了《工程计价》的难点:投标报价的编制方法和内容,祝大家学习进步!



投标报价的编制方法和内容

工程量清单与计价表的编制


1确定分部分项工程综合单价时的注意事项


(1)以项目特征描述为依据

(2)材料、工程设备暂估价的处理

(3)考虑合理的风险,发承包双方风险分摊原则:

1)对于主要由市场价格波动导致的价格风险,根据招标文件和合同约定进行合理分摊,承包人承担 5%以内的材料、工程设备价格风险,10%以内的施工机具使用费风险。

2)对于法律、法规、规章和政策出台导致的税金、规费、人工费发生变化,承包人不承担此类风险。

3)对于承包人根据自身技术水平、管理、经营状况能够自主控制的风险,由承包人全部承担。

2分部分项工程综合单价确定的步骤和方法


(1)确定计算基础:计算基础主要包括消耗量指标和生产要素单价。计算时应采用企业定额。

(2)分析每一清单项目的工程内容

(3)计算工程内容的工程数量与清单单位的含量:清单单位含量是指每一计量单位的清单项目所分摊的工程内容的工程数量。

(4)分部分项工程人工、材料、机械费用的计算。

(5)计算综合单价。


遵循的原则

措施项目清单与计价表的编制计算时遵循的原则

(1)投标人可根据工程实际情况结合施工组织设计自主确定措施项目费。招标人提出的措施项目清单是根据一般情况确定的,没有考虑不同投标人的“个性”, 投标人投标时应根据自身编制的投标施工组织设计或施工方案确定措施项目,对招标人提供的措施项目进行调整。投标人根据投标施工组织设计或施工方案调整和确定的措施项目应通过评标委员会的评审。

(2)措施项目对于可计量的按照分部分项工程量清单方式的综合单价计价;对于可计项的按照“率值“计价。

(3)安全文明施工费单独计价。

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